PRFDHR Seminar: Revealing the space for peace agreements among parties in conflict, Professor Elisa Cavatorta

Tuesday, April 18, 2023 - 2:30pm to 3:45pm
Elisa Cavatorta, King’s College London - Department of Political Economy
Henry R. Luce Hall LUCE, 203 See map
34 Hillhouse Avenue
New Haven, CT 06511
Free but register in advance

In this presentation, Professor Elisa Cavatorta develops a novel conjoint analysis to identify the potential for mutual gains among parties in conflict, and visualize the most desirable agreements in multi-attribute negotiations. Her approach elicits preferences over competing issues, evaluates the strength of support for a large number of peace agreements, visualizes the space for agreement: the set of mutually acceptable peace deals, and within that set identifies theoretical cooperative bargaining solutions. Public support for each agreement compared to the status quo is estimated. Her application is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The approach reduces the complexity of multi-attribute negotiations by revealing `hidden’ combinations of resolutions that receive most support on each side and could be fruitful agreements to negotiate. The approach has implications for conflict resolution and negotiations of all kinds.

Elisa Cavatorta is an Associate Professor in Political Economy at King’s College London. She studies conflict, the formation of individual preferences and beliefs, and policy evaluation. Her research is at the interface between economics, psychology and computer science. Empirically, it uses applied econometrics and data science methods to provide policy relevant answers to questions in the fields of development and public policy. She has expertise in the evaluation of policy interventions and the development of new measurement tools for applied research on human behaviour.

She addresses questions like: how and why living in a violent context shapes the formation of people’s preferences and beliefs? What factors drive the willingness and the ability to negotiate and cooperate? How can we foster conflict-resolution skills in children through the use of technology? How can technology help peacemaking?

She uses a variety of methods and data analysis techniques, among which lab and field experiments, RCTs, interactive surveys, Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing.